(abstract from ''The Greek community in Mozambique''
The Greek presence in Lourenço Marques dated back to 1878 and is related to the political and economic conditions in the neighbouring Transvaal area of South Africa. During the 1880s, a few Greeks immigrated to South Africa to work in the diamond mines of Kimberley and in the gold mines of Witwatersrand also included Greeks. During the wars between the British and the Boers (1880-1881, 1899-1902) the mines ceased their operation and few workers moved eastwards and settled in Lourenço Marques.
Some of them remained temporarily, until the reopening of the gold mines in Transvaal. However, because of the extremely difficult and unhealthy working conditions in the diamond mines of Kimberley and the gold mines of Johannesburg, many workers resigned. Some of them made a career change and remained in South Africa while others moved to the nearby Lourenço Marques.
The Greek emigration flow, from South Africa to Lourenço Marques, intensified with the beginning of the works on the railway line, which departed from the port of Lourenço Marques and ended in the heart of the Transvaal, in Pretoria. Some of the Greek immigrants of the late 19th century were John Mihaletos, Dimitris Sideris, Dimitris Spanos,Efstratios Daskalakis, Joseph Liarantonakis, Panayiotis Adrianopoulos and Vasilis Kastritsios.